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After Paul spends a while in Thessalonica, together with three Sabbaths educating within the native synagogue, The Jews fire up hassle, type a mob and rush to Jason’s home to be able to convey Paul and Silas earlier than town officers. When the don’t discover Paul and Silas they drag Jason earlier than the officers and make their accusations towards Paul, stating that “Jason welcomed them.” Jason posted a bond and was launched (Acts 17:5-8).
Jason out of the blue seems within the story in Acts 17 as Paul’s host in Thessalonica. Jason is a standard Greek title and it’s attainable some Jews used it as a tough equal to Joshua. One of many rival excessive clergymen previous to the Maccabean Revolt was named Jason. That is normally defined for example of Hellenization, somewhat than utilizing the Hebrew title Joshua, he makes use of a Greek equal, Jason. It’s unattainable to know if the Jason in Acts 17 is Greek or Jewish merely from his title.
Since he hosts Paul, Silas, and Timothy in his house, commentaries usually assume he was affluent. However this is probably not the case. In Acts 18:3 Paul stayed and labored with Aquila and Priscilla. As tent-makers they might have rented a workshop and lived in rooms connected to the workshop. Jason’s scenario might have been higher in Thessalonica; if he was a craftsmen with a number of storerooms he might have hosted a number of individuals in his house. For an illustration of the vary of houses for early Christians, see Peter Oakes, Studying Romans in Pompeii (Fortress 2009).
Alternatively, Jason was capable of publish bond not just for himself but in addition for Paul and Silas (17:9). Within the oft-quoted opinion of AN SherwinWhite, “What is occurring to Jason is evident sufficient: he’s giving safety for the nice habits of his visitors, and subsequently hastens to dispatch Paul and Silas out of the way in which to Beroea, the place the jurisdiction of the magistrates of Thessalonica was not legitimate” (Roman Society and Roman Regulation within the New Testomony (Oxford, 1963], 63). Though we now have no clue how a lot was required, that he might make any type of fee is a sign he had some wealth.
I might additionally recommend Luke could also be drawing a parallel between Lydia in Philippi and Jason in Thessalonica. Each reply to the Gospel and host Paul’s ministry crew of their houses. Luke usually makes use of pairs of comparable tales, one that includes a feminine and the opposite that includes a male. For instance, in Acts 9:32-43 Peter heals Aeneas and raises Tabitha from the useless. Luke offers us two examples of maybe comparatively rich patrons who host Paul of their houses and proceed to host the church after Paul leaves town.
Is Jason the identical individual Paul mentions in Romans 16:21? He referred to a Jason together with Sopater “my kinsmen.” The noun συγγενής can consult with a relative, however this may be as broad as saying “fellow Jew” (Keener, 3:2550). It’s seemingly Romans was written from Corinth in the course of the three months Paul stayed in Corinth in Acts 20:2-3. In 20:4 Luke signifies Paul was accompanied by Sopater of Berea and Aristarchus and Secundus from Thessalonica. Though that is attainable, however since Luke is able to establish a relative of Paul in Acts 23:16, it’s extra seemingly this Jason shouldn’t be a relative of Paul. He’s seemingly a Jew or God-fearing Light who heard Paul’s preaching within the synagogue and was amongst those that joined Paul and Silas (17:4).
That Paul and Silas are pressured out of Thessalonica leaving Jason with a monetary burden is a matter which seemingly haunted Paul. One of many principal themes of 1 Thessalonians coping with the cost Paul was a huckster who got here to Thessalonica for private achieve and left Jason in monetary and authorized hazard.